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:: Volume 11, Issue 39 (1-2018) ::
jwmseir 2018, 11(39): 49-60 Back to browse issues page
Investigating the Spatial and Temporal Variation of Groundwater Quality Applying the Best Geostatistical Estimation (Case study: Kerman Plain)
Abstract:   (659 Views)
Recognizing of critical zones of groundwater quality is one of the most important issues about researches
in water fields. The goal of this study is to determine the spatial and temporal variation of groundwater
quality factors such as electrical conductivity and chloride ion contents using the best suited geostatistical
estimation in Kerman plain on 10 years period (1996-2006). Also, the best variogeram model and parameters
related to model of EC and Cl contents will be determined. Findings of variography analysis for Cl contents
of groundwater quality data in the beginning and the end of study period showed that the exponential
structure is the best spatial model fitted to this parameter. Thus, its effect range increased from 101700 to
106200 meter and sill contents decreased from 2.246 to 1.698, during 1996 to 2006. The best model fitted
to electrical conductivity spatial structure became exponential in 1995-1996 and spherical in 2005-2006.
The results of geostatistical analysis show that effect range and sill contents of EC decreased from 79800
to 37500 meter and 0.84 to 0.608, during 1996 to 2006, respectively. Comparing of interpolation methods
of groundwater quality data introduced log kriging method as the best approach for Cl and EC zonation
maps. Cl zonation maps show an increasing trend of Cl content in all plain areas in 10 years period. Thus,
Cl concentration in the input region of plain increased in the range of 3.03-13.01 in 2006.Intensity of Cl
content occur in north outlet of plain near well numbers 27, 28, and 33, and Cl critical core of western
south of plain near well number 19 show an increasing trend. Our findings showed an increasing in EC
content, especially its spatial spreading in west and north outlet of Kerman plain and Kerman city in 10
years period.
Keywords: Quality, Ground water, Kerman plain, Cl, EC, Geostatistics.
Full-Text [PDF 2073 kb]   (138 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/01/7 | Accepted: 2018/01/7 | Published: 2018/01/7
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Investigating the Spatial and Temporal Variation of Groundwater Quality Applying the Best Geostatistical Estimation (Case study: Kerman Plain). jwmseir. 2018; 11 (39) :49-60
URL: http://jwmsei.ir/article-1-784-en.html


Volume 11, Issue 39 (1-2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم ومهندسی آبخیزداری ایران Iranian Journal of Watershed Management Science and Engineering
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