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jwmseir 2010, 3(9): 1-8 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of the Flood Spreading Subjected to Development of Soil and Water Resources (Case Study: Kashmar Flood Spreading Station)
Said ahmad Heydarian *
soil conservation watershed management research institute
Abstract:   (10749 Views)

Development of soil and water resources through flood spreading systems is one of the accepted

methods in water resources engineering and management. At the time being, 35 flood spreading stations

constructed in Iran, and covers about thousands villages and a million hectares of the flood area.

Expenditure of the operation and maintenance of such a modern systems is a main constraint for the governmental

management agencies. Hence, dissemination of this modern system is restricted among local

communities. Evaluation of these systems is the main objective of this explanatory research in Kashmar

flood spreading station. The necessary data and information were collected and achieved by reviewing the

secondary data, field survey and conducting workshops through Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA),

Rapid Appraisal (RA) and Participatory Diagnoses (PD). The results of this research showed that within 8

years of operation of this system, only 5% of the project area were covered by flood and the rest of spreading

area remained unused. Therefore, as an economic aspect, it can be said, although the B/C is more than

1.14, the construction of such a huge system is not accepted. The benefit of groundwater recharges (more

than 5 billion Rials over 8 years period) is too high in comparison to others outputs (lese than 0.4 billion

Rials). These results show if we focus on limited objective (groundwater recharges only), it could be a solution

for reduction of mentioned constraints.

Keywords: Evaluation, Flood Spreading, Operation, Social and Kashmar
Full-Text [PDF 267 kb]   (1464 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/02/11 | Accepted: 2014/05/25 | Published: 2014/05/25
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Heydarian S A. Evaluation of the Flood Spreading Subjected to Development of Soil and Water Resources (Case Study: Kashmar Flood Spreading Station). jwmseir. 2010; 3 (9) :1-8
URL: http://jwmsei.ir/article-1-123-en.html


Volume 3, Issue 9 (1-2010) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم ومهندسی آبخیزداری ایران Iranian Journal of Watershed Management Science and Engineering
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