[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 12, Issue 42 (10-2018) ::
jwmseir 2018, 12(42): 60-69 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Different Concentrations of Acid Rain on Soil Splash Erosion Process in Dry and Saturated Soil
Azam Alipour Eng, Ataollah Kavian Dr *, Karim Soleimani Dr, Leila Gholami Dr
Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University
Abstract:   (3225 Views)

Due to the increasing world population, exploitation and sustainable management of soil and water resources, it is essential to consider these resources to meet the needs. Therefore, Soil erosion and its control measures are the main prerequisites for soil and water resources management. It should also be noted that Acid rain is also one of the factors that can cause soil erosion and destructive effects on the soil and the environment. In this study, the effect of acid rain on soil splash was investigated under laboratory conditions using rainfall simulator. For the acid rain test, different pH concentrations of 3.75, 4.25 and 5.25 with the intensity of 40 mm/h, was used on the dry and saturated soil in splash cups. Paired t-test, One-way and Two-way ANOVA (α=0.05) were conducted using SPSS 23 and EXCEL 2013 software. Results showed that splash rates of acid rain with acidity of 3.75 compared with the rate of non-acidic rain is a significant difference in 95 percent of the dry soil surface, but the acidity of 4.25 and 5.25 did not show significant differences. Also, comparison splash rates of acid and non-acidic rain, on soil saturation did not show any significant differences in any treatments the despite numerical increase. The results of comparison of dry soil treatments with saturated soil treatments, show significant difference at 99% probability level, which indicates the direct effect of soil moisture on amount splash. The investigating interaction of soil moisture in dry and saturated conditions with different pH doses the rain, did not show any significant difference between treatments.

Keywords: Acid rain, Dry and saturated soil, Erosion plots, Soil loss
Full-Text [PDF 513 kb]   (28 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/03/15 | Accepted: 2017/12/13 | Published: 2018/10/10
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Alipour A, Kavian A, Soleimani K, Gholami L. Effect of Different Concentrations of Acid Rain on Soil Splash Erosion Process in Dry and Saturated Soil. jwmseir. 2018; 12 (42) :60-69
URL: http://jwmsei.ir/article-1-722-en.html

Volume 12, Issue 42 (10-2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم ومهندسی آبخیزداری ایران Iranian Journal of Watershed Management Science and Engineering
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 4110